HomeFacebookTwitterTri-Lift NC Materials Handling BlogYouTubeLinkedInContact UsBig JoeClarkGenieLindeUnicarriersHoist
(866) 393-9833
Clark Dealer of Excellence
customized warehouse
BBI motive power
Parts Service Rental Request Safety Training Inquiry Specials Featured Product(s) Online Warehouse Catalog Featured Article Library
Member of the Greensboro Chamber of Commerce


Hoist Forklifts


Pre-Shift Inspection Forms

Industrial Battery Safety & Loss Prevention

Lead Acid Battery Maintenance and Safety Protocol
Lead-Acid batteries are physically large batteries that contain lead plates in a solution of acid to create electricity. They are a common power for many applications. Nationally, 2300 people are injured each year using lead acid batteries. Acid burns to the face and eyes comprise about 50% of these injuries as these batteries can easily explode. The remaining injuries were mostly due to lifting and dropping batteries as they are quite heavy.

Lead-Acid Battery Basics:
  • The electrolyte is a solution of sulfuric acid (35%) and water (65%). This solution can cause chemical burns to the skin and especially the eyes.
  • During normal operation, water is lost from a non-sealed (Flooded) battery due to evaporation.
  • During charging, lead acid batteries produce hydrogen and oxygen gases (highly flammable/ explosive) as electrolysis occurs.
  • Many lead acid explosions are believed to occur when electrolytes are below the plates in the battery and thus, allowing space for hydrogen/oxygen to accumulate. When the battery is engaged, it may create a spark that ignites the accumulated gases and causes the bettery to explode.
Standard Precautions:
  • Always store or recharge batteries in a well ventilated area away from sparks or open flame.
  • Damaged lead acid batteries shall be kept in properly labeled acid-resistant secondary containment structure.
  • Use only chargers that are designed for the battery being charged.
  • Always keep the lead acid battery vent caps securely in place.
  • If acid gets into your eyes, flush immediately with water for 15 minutes, and then promptly seek medical attention.
  • If acid gets on your skin, rinse the affected area immediately with large amounts of water. Seek medical attention if the chemical burns appear to be second degree or better.
  • Emegency wash stations should be located near lead-acid battery storage and charging areas.
  • Prevent open flames, sparks or electrical arcs in charging area.
Required Safety Equipment in the Battery Charging Area:
  • Plumbed tepid water safety shower and eye wash station.
  • Personal or Portable eyewash stations may be installed in the area immediate to the battery charging, if plumbed units can not be installed.
  • Non-vented safety goggles.
  • Face Shield (considered secondary but mandatory safety protection)
  • Acid resistant gloves.
  • Apron (acid resistant)
  • Steel-toed boots or foot guards if the battery is being lifted